Jhumar dance is a lively dance that is famous in Punjab. This has originated in the Multan and Balochistan and thrived in the Sandalbar areas of Punjab. In some areas, the slower and more rhythmic forms of the dance are seen. The word Jhumar is derived from Jhum / Jhoom which means swaying which is seen in the dance. The themes of the songs are varied involving love and emotions. It is known to be a dance of ecstasy. this dance is a part of celebrating the wedding ceremonies demonstrating the happiness in the people. This is extensively performed by the south and central Punjabis. Through this dance, the gaits and movements of animals, birds and the actions of ploughing of field and sowing seeds are shown in progression. The dance is performed in a circle. the tune of the emotional songs is used in the performance.
This dance is performed by men and it’s a feature commonly seen that the father, son and grandson dance at all weddings. Acrobatics are not involved in this dance. There are many variations in Jhumar. the dance steps involve movements of arms which is the main forte. The feet are placed from and back with turns taken to the right and the dancers place their one hand below the ribs on left and make gestures with the right hand. This dance is performed on moonlight nights in villages away from habitation. The dancers shout ‘Dee Dee’ in tune with the beat of the dance which makes the dance graceful. This is also integrated into Bhangra in east Punjab.
based upon the mood and the temperament, and based on different occasions they are of different types:
- Satluj Jhoomar
- Beas Jhoomar
- Chenab Jhoomar
- Multani Jhoomar
- Jhoomar Taari